Ice treatment - Cryotherapy

bainmain How to use Ice treatment 

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Jocelyn-William LOUBRIAT
 

Principles:

Cold has:

- analgesic effects (that ease pain) because a decrease in temperature slows down the nerves’ conductivity especially the conduction of the pain message. As it has no priority, it no longer reaches the brain.

- anti-inflammatory effects (fights the inflammation) in particular through its vasomotory action, because the blood’s purpose is to carry the nutritive elements in the tissues and to carry the waste out.

- vasomotory effects: ice treatment provokes first a vasoconstriction (decrease of the diameter of the blood vessels) and then a vasodilatation (increase of the diameter of the blood vessels). In addition to the anti-inflammatory action, the activation of the return circulation is the main element of recovery: it drains the residues of the muscular effort.

- myorelaxant effects: it appears that - like a reflex - ice cube massage of a muscle helps it relax.

Ice treatment may appear to be simple; however some rules must be respected. Furthermore you may not have thought about the most practical way to apply the ice depending on the area.

Here is therefore a simple, efficient and safe manner of how to apply an ice treatment.

Ice cube massage

Ice cube massage is used for:
- inflammatory conditions (tendinitis, residual pain after sprains…) +++
- contractures. +/-

Apply for about 5 minutes, 3 to 6 times per day (wait 1 hour before applying again), for 7 to 10 days (or longer if pain persists) to fight inflammations.
Application of an anti-inflammatory like Flector® Tissugel® right after the ice treatment is strongly recommended.

Attention: ice may freeze the skin. Make sure that the skin gets its colour back instantaneously when you put your finger on it.
In case of little wounds in the area (blisters, cuts, scrapes), avoid ice treatment.

Cold pack

phygenou A cold pack is used for:
- traumatisms like sprain, pulled or strained muscles, pulley rupture, punch…
- trophic phenomenons (following surgery of the knee, the ankle, the wrist…)
- the recovery.

Apply for 15 to 20 minutes, 3 to 6 times per day (wait 1 hour before applying again).

Attention: here again, ice may freeze the skin. Never apply the plastic immediately to the skin: cover it with a damp cloth (it allows a better conduction of the cold than a dry cloth).


Whether you have a “cold pack”, that you have purchased (in a drugstore or even in a supermarket), or a simple ice bag (a plastic bag filled with ice cubes and water –water allows to better mold the area-), or even a bag of frozen green peas, the use is identical.

Ice bath

glachevbainmain Ice bath is used for:
- traumatisms like sprain, pulley rupture.
- trophic phenomenons (following surgery of the ankle, the wrist…)
- the recovery.

A bath of 15 to 20 minutes, 3 to 6 times per day (wait 1 hour before starting again), to fight against inflammations.

Attention: do not enter you whole body in a bathtub of frozen water. Do you know what hyperthermia is?!

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